Last week, we used the location quotient to locate industrial clusters across New Jersey. This week we will use the same four sectors but at a finer resolution: the block level. These four groups are 1) manufacturing, logistics, and agriculture; 2) professional services; 3) healthcare, education, and government; and 4) retail, hospitality, and service. While the focus of these maps is Newark, they are interactive; you can zoom out and look at where industry is concentrated across the state.
Starting with manufacturing, logistics, and agriculture, we can see a high concentration of these types of jobs near Newark Liberty International Airport, Elizabeth Marine Terminal, and Port Newark. The airport is the busiest airport in the New York-New Jersey Metropolitan area, although JFK has more passengers. The port facilities in Newark are the largest in the eastern United States and the third largest in the country. It is also the busiest container port in the world.
Professional services are lacking in most of Newark, outside of downtown. Many more professional services are concentrated to the west, in Morris and Somerset Counties.
Education, healthcare, and government jobs encompass a wide variety of sectors. As a result, you can find these jobs across Newark.
Downtown Newark has a somewhat lower concentration of service industry jobs than other parts of the state. There are clusters of service jobs in the Ironbound neighborhood, with its restaurants, and to a lesser extent at Springfield Avenue, with its big-box shopping centers. Although the location quotient near the shopping centers is high, it has a quarter of the service jobs compared to the Ironbound neighborhood. While the concentration (represented by the location quotient) is important, the magnitude (number of jobs) is also important.
Port Authority of NY and NJ December 2015 Traffic Report
New York Times
US Census Bureau