January 2016: Exploring Income Diversity and Segregation in New Jersey

In this series of posts, we will be exploring the extent of income diversity and segregation in New Jersey. Just as the lack of racial and ethnic diversity and the presence of racial and ethnic segregation can coincide with certain socioeconomic outcomes, so too can class diversity and class segregation. Household income is just one way of observing diversity and segregation of social class or status; other ways, which we will explore at later dates, include education attained and occupation, among others. While researchers suggest that certain facets of racial segregation have been declining recently in American metropolitan areas1, segregation by class or social status has been growing2 and plays a significant part in the residential segregation experienced throughout the country. This means that today Americans are more likely to live in “pockets” with people who are of the same class as themselves (e.g. income level, education level, occupation group) than they are to live in pockets with people of similar races or ethnicities. This residential sorting by household income greatly affects neighborhoods, towns, and individuals throughout the country, which we will discuss in the conclusion of this month’s posts.

1Frey, W. H. (2015, December 8). Census shows modest declines in black-white segregation. Retrieved from Brookings Institute: http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/the-avenue/posts/2015/12/08-census-black-white-segregation-frey

2Bischoff, K., & Reardon, S. F. (2013). Residential Segregation by income, 1970-2009. 2010 Project of the Russell Sage Foundation and Brown University.